Here is an attractive ornamental possessing a dense, pyramidal form. It is the Caucasian linden, or Tilia × euchlora. This tree is a hybrid whose parentage isn't certain but is thought to be Tilia cordata and Tilia dasystyla. It is a medium to large deciduous tree that typically grows up to 60 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Obviously this tree needs plenty of room to develop so it may be too grand for some urban gardens, but it is a superb shade tree. It's also drought and pollution tolerant and has broad  climate and soil adaptability making it a great choice for many areas. The tree is pyramidal when young but develops an impressive oval canopy atop a tall, straight trunk. The lower branches on the species remain on the tree and gently drape toward the ground before sweeping up in a gentle curve.

In June it produces abundant, two to three-inch wide clusters of very fragrant, light yellow flowers which are extremely attractive to bees who make a famous honey from their harvests. The small, grey nut which is later produced will persist on the tree until midwinter. The trunk on the species can grow to six feet wide or more on mature specimens. The four to eight-inch-long, heart-shaped leaves are handsomely dark green throughout the spring and summer, fading to chartreuse and yellow before dropping in autumn.

This tree works well throughout much of Canada, the US, the UK and New Zealand and perhaps the cooler parts of Australia.


Caucasian linden

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