Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), on a world-wide basis, is probably one of the most popular pines grown. It is medium to fast-growing, and reaches 40 to 60 feet in the landscape, perhaps taller on older specimens.

This large evergreen conifer has a pyramidal form, but retains its bushy, juvenile appearance longer, which combined with the dark green needles, makes for an outstanding specimen tree. With age, perhaps 50+ years, the pyramidal crown becomes flat topped and irregular with thick horizontal branches sweeping horizontally and up as they spread from the trunk. This lends an impressively venerable look to the tree that is matched only by certain cedars (Cedrus). When growing an Austrian pine the lower branches should be retained which will not only enhance its form as a specimen tree but render it a superior screen and barrier plant. The silvery and furrowed bark is also attractive, and becomes even more so with age.

Sometimes referred to as ‘Black Pine’ this tough two needled evergreen is a first rate choice for coastal areas and exposed, windswept sites, it thrives even in very chalky soils.  Austrian pine can reach 60 feet with a spread of 35 feet. It is a popular choice in the UK, the US, Australia and New Zealand.


Austrian pine

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