Here is a variety of Common or European beech (Fagus sylvatica) called Dawyck beech, also known as Upright, or Fastigiate European beech, an awkward name for one of nature's most beautiful trees. This medium to large tree has a columnar habit and is a superb choice for both property lines and woodland verges as well specimen plantings for parks and large properties. It originated on the Dawyck estate in Scotland and was brought into cultivation before 1850. Dawyck beech grows slowly, and will, after many years reach 70 to 80 feet tall with a spread of only 30 feet, which makes an imposing and formal impression. A series of these outlining a drive would make for an impressive entry. In addition to its excellent form, it has the typical beech characteristics of smooth handsome bark and rich green foliage that turns bright copper in autumn. It prefers a sunny location and a moist, light soil. Dawyck beech thrives just about anywhere other than exposed coastal locations. As it is shallow rooted, underplanting is not recommended. It does well in most reasonably fertile, well drained soils, except heavy clay or sand and is somewhat tolerant of heat and dry soil. It is generally resistant to most diseases and requires little if any pruning. Dawyck beech can be found in better nurseries throughout its growing area, which includes the upper US, southern Ontario and British Columbia, the UK, temperate Australia and New Zealand.

'Red Obelisk' beech is also quite impressive as is the larger and more imposing American beech, Fagus grandifolia, suitable only for larger properties.

Dawyck beech


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