European beech, or Common beech, is Fagus sylvatica. It is a large and stately tree well suited for parks, golf courses, and large landscapes. This is the Beech tree of choice for areas with cool, wet summers. Where summers are long and hot, the American beech (Fagus grandifolia) is preferred.
Of all the Beeches in cultivation the European beech is the most popular. It is among the grandest of specimen trees and as a shade tree it has no equal. And it handles heavy pruning so well it is even used for hedges throughout the UK.
This native of continental Europe does well in the UK and the cooler parts of North America (Tennessee northward to Ontario). It is a deciduous tree with very handsome foliage that can reach 100 feet (30.5 m), though, in cultivation, it is more typically found at 40-60 feet (12.2-18.3 m) with a spread of 30-40 feet (9.1-12.2 m). European beech has a rounded crown and branches close to the ground. It has the typical beech bark - smooth and gray and the foliage is a shiny, handsome, dark green which turns a rich golden copper in autumn. The fruits are covered with soft spines and at maturity split open to reveal two beechnuts, and beechnuts are wildlife favorites.
European beech has a long list of cultivars with variations of form, leaf shape and color. One standout is ‘Red Obelisk’,

Beeches are long-lived, cross generational, trees that would be the dominant specimen in any landscape. This is a superb choice for those areas lucky enough to grow it and large enough to accommodate it.

Beech (European)


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